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- Golang vs Node.js Comparison: Performance, Scalability, and More
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Looking for a Golang vs Node.js comparison including performance, scalability, and other details?
Well, look no further as you have found what you are looking for.
If you’re developing a web application, you might have heard of Node.JS and Golang (also known as “Go”). Both are gaining popularity, but in very different ways, and for very different reasons. They are part of a movement away from traditional server-side languages such as PHP and Java.
Let’s draw a Golang vs Node.js comparison.
Comparison Chart: Golang vs Node.js
This Golang vs Node.js comparison chart can help you understand how these two programming languages stack up against each other at a glance with respect to certain important factors.
|Raw performance||Poor compared to Go||Excellent|
|Real-life performance||Good in most applications||Excellent|
|Concurrency / Parallel Programming Tools||Not good for large scale concurrent applications||Excellent concurrent programming capabilities|
|Scalability||Difficult for very large scale applications||Excellent|
|Tools for developers||Exceptional||Far behind Node.JS|
|Learning curve||Very easy for most web developers||Intuitive, but you still need to learn a new language|
|Community||Massive! Isn’t going anywhere anytime soon||Small (but growing quickly)|
|Finding Developers||Ridiculously easy – you probably are one or have hired one before||Difficult|
Golang vs Node.js – A detailed Comparison
It’s tempting to look at raw performance data and assume Go is the one to go with. But in many situations, it simply doesn’t matter.
For example, connecting to your database is often the bottleneck for your server performance. When this is the case, Node and Go perform at similar speeds.
Concurrency and Scalability
This is where Go really shines. The reason the guys at Google, Docker, and Dropbox use Go is that they have very large applications that need things to be done in parallel.
Go has a completely different approach to concurrent programming than other languages. It manages threads with things called ‘goroutines’ that handle communication in parallel very effectively. This means concurrent tasks that normally get very complicated, can be done simply and intuitively with Go.
Take a look at these survey results from Go.org.
Tools for Developers and Community
If you need something done, you can find a package, library, or tool for it.
Go does have some nice libraries and packages to use, but it doesn’t look like it will catch up with Node.JS anytime soon. As a developer, you’ll be doing a lot more of the programming groundwork.
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The Node.JS community is awesome and far bigger than Go’s. It’s safe to say that Node.JS isn’t going anywhere soon.
Best Practices and Conventions
- A “that will do” attitude
- Scalability issues with callbacks (see callback hell)
This can be a problem for developers and those that hire developers. It’s hard to break old habits, and it’s hard to find developers with good habits.
Go fundamentally encourages good programming practices. Google designed it so that large teams could work on large projects effectively and easily. As you are programming, Go seems to guide you into making smart choices as a developer.
However, if you want to build a great product, it’s crucial to hire Node.JS developers who are experts in their field.
Go is much newer and has a tiny fraction of the developers. This means you probably don’t have a Go expert floating around your office. Moreover, finding a skilled developer will be more difficult and expensive.
However, in the long run, the time invested in a highly elegant, scalable tool for your back-end might just pay off.
Convincing Your Team
The popularity of Node.JS means most developers won’t need much convincing to use it. According to the Go 2021 Survey, they found that developers were overwhelmingly happy with the ease of use and performance of Go, but found it difficult to convince others of the same.
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This is an important factor. If you are the one suggesting using a whole new idea to your team, you’ll be responsible if things don’t work out!
Golang vs Node.js – What to choose for your next project?
Which programming language you should go for from Glonag and Node.js for your next software development project depends on several factors. Some of these include:
- Type of project
- Your current skill level (or developers)
- The size you intend to scale to in the future
- Many more
Any skilled development team will know what languages and development tools to use for a given project. The important thing is to define your requirements well. There are no silver bullets in software development. Every choice you make is a trade-off that will have advantages or consequences!
A reputed software development agency, like DevTeam.Space with experience in developing and deploying multiple market-competitive software products can help you in partnering with field-expert software developers and choosing the right programming languages, tools, etc.
You can get in touch by sending your initial app development project specifications via this form and one of our account managers will reach out to you with further assistance.
Frequently Asked Questions on Golang vs Node.js
The Go vs Node comparison is as follows:
Performance: Both Golang and Node.js deliver good performance, however, Golang offers higher performance.
Scalability: Both Node.js and Golang help developers code scalable apps, however, Golang does better in this regard.
Tools and frameworks: There are many open-source tools and frameworks for Node.js, which enhance the productivity of developers. Golang has fewer tools and frameworks.
Developer support: The Node.js developer community is large and it provides excellent support. The Golang community is smaller.
Golang uses many strengths of C and C++, moreover, it’s lightweight. It is considered a popular programming language choice for backend development with efficient error handling. It certainly runs faster than Node.js. JS has to be first converted to machine code. However, the slight difference in their performance doesn’t make an impact in the real life. Both Golang and Node.js offer robust performance.