All articles
ico white paper template

ICO White Paper Template – How to Write an ICO White Paper?

Estimated read time: 12 minutes

Are you looking for a good ICO white paper template? In this article, we will discuss how to write an ICO white paper effectively and a few white paper templates for ICO to give you a better idea.

Developing a cryptocurrency-based application requires a deep understanding of blockchain technology, decentralized app development, the Solidity programming language for Ethereum, API integrations, etc.

If you don’t have a professional team with this relevant expertise to take on that task then submit a request for a complimentary discovery call, and one of our tech account managers who managed similar projects will contact you shortly.

Let’s start with a guide on how to create an ICO white paper and then discuss a few ICO white paper examples.

Create Your Own White Paper for ICO

A good white paper should comprise the following parts:

Project outline

Nailing your project outline is vitally important. It should clearly define the exact problem you intend to solve. The key to the project outline is to make it unique and catchy. It needs to stand out from the crowd and make investors want to read on.

Given that the average investor will read hundreds, if not thousands, white paper outlines every year, it is not difficult to see why most only get as far as the project outline.

The solution

This is the section where you need to make your project shine. The solution should include a thorough breakdown of your project, including a detailed technical description, to show exactly how it solves the problem you just outlined.

It needs to include detailed market analysis data to show what is the need for this solution and how it fits into the preexisting marketplace.

Most companies will only have an outline or prototype of the project they wish to undertake. In this case, you should include as much visual prototype data or mockups as you can to help investors visualize your project.

A budget breakdown is a good way to reassure investors about how you intend to spend the money. This will help them evaluate your project plan as a whole and also convince them that your ICO is not a scam.

Another thing that is good to include in this section is some form of development roadmap. This will help give investors an idea of where you see the project heading and reinforce their confidence that you understand the marketplace you are about to enter with a robust development strategy.

Hire expert blockchain developers for your next project

Trusted by

Again, making this section stand out is a must. The key to this is emphasizing the unique selling points of your project.

A detailed description regarding the token release and marketplace considerations

In this section, you need to give a breakdown of your ICO token issue. This should include a project description regarding your crypto tokens, including their value, how many you intend to use, and which crypto token platform you intend to issue them.

Another important point to include is how you intend to allow investors to redeem their tokens and details on what happens if your ICO doesn’t reach the funding targets it outlines (investor refund process).

This section should also include your terms and conditions or a link to your website where they can find them.

Finally, this section should also detail all the relevant security details that will help investors determine if your ICO is safe. Should you have chosen to employ a specialist security firm to launch your ICO, you can also include information on their company.

Remember, no matter how attractive your ICO might seem to investors, no person on this planet is going to pay for digital tokens if they believe there is a good chance that the transaction is not secure.

Overview of the entire project team

Including the profiles of all the different team members really helps to increase both investor confidence and interest.

Such is the market these days that the support of certain individuals from within the blockchain community can guarantee an ICO’s success. 

Though most ICOs don’t have the luxury of having the support of such individuals, investors now desire to see who is involved in the project and what their backgrounds are.

Dos and Don’ts While Writing ICO White Papers

You certainly want your white paper to stand out and persuade investors. How do you achieve that? Well, there are several key considerations.

Do the following while writing your ICO white paper:

  • Create top-quality content. Remember that you are entering a highly competitive sector, and you need to convince investors about your project. Produce high-quality texts and graphics.
  • Explain the business problem you are tackling from the perspective of the potential users of your blockchain product. If you are addressing an opportunity instead of solving a problem, explain what benefits you bring to the users. At the same time, explain how investors will benefit from your project.
  • Explain in layman’s terms how you plan to solve the problem or address the opportunity.
  • Show your product roadmap in your whitepaper. Explain to your investors when your product/platform will be available to users. Also, explain when you release enhanced versions of the platform, if applicable.
  • Demonstrate that you know about the technical description by explaining it in simple terms.
  • State what risks you foresee from using relatively new technology and how you plan to mitigate them.
  • Specify what purpose your crypto token will serve. If you are launching an ICO, then you should have enough reasons to categorize your token as a “utility token”.
    • If you are promising high returns to investors, then you are selling a “security token”. ICO might not even be an appropriate way for you to raise funds.
    • You should check the securities regulations in your jurisdiction, as I have explained in “Utility tokens vs. security tokens comparison guide”.
  • Demonstrate that you comply with all applicable laws. Investors are increasingly keen on investing in crypto projects that are on the right side of the law.
  • Show transparency about your product development. If you haven’t started the development yet, state that.
    • Also, state how you will keep investors informed about your product development status, e.g., using social media channels, etc.
    • If you are already developing your blockchain app, specify the code repository in your white paper. E.g., you could point investors to the GitHub repository of your project. Have you already developed a functional prototype? That’s excellent! Invite readers to try it.
  • Be transparent about your fundraising target. Explain how much funds you need and why. Specify what you will do if you can’t raise the required fund, e.g., how you will refund the money to investors.

Here’s the list of “DON’Ts” when writing your ICO white paper:

  • Don’t include any content whose originality you can’t guarantee! An allegation of plagiarism in your ICO white paper can have serious impacts on your ICO. Such allegations might even prompt potential investors to treat your ICO as a scam!
  • Don’t include technical details in your white paper. Remember that many crypto investors aren’t tech-savvy, and jargon can confuse them. Explain technical aspects in a few words.
  • Don’t mention expenditures in your entire document, like networking events, industry development, etc. Clearly mention in your white paper that all collected money will be spent on development only.
  • Don’t leave the questions about your operating model open-ended. Many ICO investors worry about potential scams and want clarity about your operating model and organization structure.

I have explained the importance of these “DOs” and “DON’Ts” in our guide “How to launch a successful ICO”.

A good white paper can make all the difference between getting the funding you need and going back to the drawing board.

Now I will include some links to the ICO whitepaper template where you can find past examples of what makes a really great ICO white paper.

All of these ICO whitepaper templates come from successful ICO campaigns that have been launched in the last few years. Keep in mind when doing your research that the marketplace is evolving fast.

This means that an ICO white paper template from more than 4 or 5 years ago simply isn’t up to the standard that today’s investors demand.

So if you were planning to just download the 2009 Bitcoin white paper and use that as an ICO white paper template for your own, forget it.

ICO White Paper Template Examples

There is no better basis for an ICO white paper template than those that have been used in successful ICOs in the past. Of the 10 most successful ICOs ever, Ethereum has been the biggest.

As one might expect, its ICO white paper is outstanding and should be the first example of an ICO white paper template you consider.

However, remember that these examples are just a template. You definitely want to make your white paper unique so it stands out.


Ethereum White Paper

Hire expert blockchain developers for your next project

62 Expert dev teams,
1,200 top developers
350+ Businesses trusted
us since 2016

While this paper remains an example of the very best white paper to date, remember that it has now become a much-copied format, so won’t grab investors in quite the same way as it originally did.

When reading this white paper, note how well presented it is. It has a clear table of contents that includes fast-track links to each section. The white paper has all the information I have detailed above and is presented in dedicated sections.

The introduction is really captivating and includes the dramatic use of language as a cunning marketing ploy. It clearly defines what the project is about and includes potential user markets.

Smartly, while listing possible uses, it adds “as well as many others that we have not yet imagined”.

Rather than creating the impression that the project managers don’t understand their market, it, in fact, whets investors’ appetites as to the enormous unforeseen potential of the platform.

Despite the sheer amount of information contained in this white paper, it reads very well. This fact is helped by the inclusion of diagrams, lists, and code to help illustrate exactly how Ethereum works and why it is such a good solution.

The paper concludes with links to additional information that helps to plug any gaps that it did not have time to cover.



The Ethereum whitepaper contains all the elements that any investor needs to determine their interest in an ICO project. Still, the sheer volume of information might be too much for some companies to put together without any assurance of the IPO’s success.

ICONOMI proved that it is possible to produce a white paper for an ICO with much less technical information included. Their ICO managed to raise over $10.5 Million, becoming the 11th most successful ICO ever.

Once again, it covers all the points listed in this article and used dramatic terms and examples to lure investors in.

Removing much of the technical detail (due to it being a different type of project), this paper shoots straight for the mark instead by focusing on listing goals and targets the project expects to meet.

The white paper introduction establishes a market need for the project before going on to show exactly how it will meet these needs.

All the way through, the paper reinforces the unique selling points of the project so that by the end, investors are left with no doubt that this is the one that will succeed.

Advanced-Level Tips for Writing a Winning White Paper

You can find many crypto projects, and consequently, you see many white papers. How will you write an engaging white paper that stands out from the competition?

We offer the following advanced-level tips for white paper writing:

A. Demonstrate thought leadership right from the white paper cover

We assume that you have demonstrated thought leadership while conceptualizing your crypto blockchain project.

You can’t really market a product effectively if it doesn’t meet the genuine need of your target audience. The best white paper design tips will not succeed if you don’t have a good enough blockchain-crypto product.

If you have a winning idea, announce it to potential customers and investors early. They should not have to read the entire white paper to understand the value you will offer. Explain your winning product idea at the very beginning when writing white papers.

Use simple language for this. Start writing with an assumption that your investors and users don’t know about technology. Write a white paper assuming that potential customers and investors only want to see the business value you offer.

B. Create a content marketing strategy

Even if you write a white paper of exemplary quality, it won’t succeed without a content marketing strategy.

A content marketing strategy might include several key tasks like writing blog posts, creating a landing page, and social media-based marketing.

The point is that you can’t just leave it to chance. You need to take charge of key activities like lead generation, creating valuable content, external research, etc.

Hire expert blockchain developers for your next project

Trusted by

Formulate a content marketing strategy. Execute it, and review how it’s working. Make changes if needed.

C. Pay attention to the original research

Trust is a valuable asset everywhere, and that’s true with blockchain/crypto businesses too. Your potential customers and investors will trust you and your white paper only if you provide reliable information. Focus on conducting original research about your target business opportunity/problem.

Quote reliable sources when you write a white paper. Provide references to universally established informational documents and academic papers.

Give due credit to organizations if you quote their research findings. Well-researched written content improves trust, and you can establish thought leadership.

D. Focus on a user-friendly structure when writing your white paper

The best white paper examples make it easy for readers to understand the important message quickly. Your white paper writing team must recognize that the average human attention span is short. You must deliver your key message on a particular topic early.

Whether you are developing a business-to-business (B2B) or business-to-consumer (B2C) product, you ought to communicate the value early.

You also need to follow a user-friendly white paper format. This helps readers understand your white paper topic easily. Small margins, less white space, and endless text without images could overburden readers’ comprehension.

From the first page to the last, your white paper must present information systematically. Use a formal tone. You can use a standard document format provided by an established word processor like Microsoft Word.

However, you must maintain consistency. Brand fonts and graphics should not be different in different sections of the white paper.

Follow established business writing standards. Present your problem statement and proposed solution in a clear and concise manner. Keep sales pitches and marketing collaterals separate from problem and solution statements.

Cater to the industry that you target. E.g., your sales team needs to provide clear data points when presenting a business idea to executives in financial institutions. Help your readers visualize data.

Having a great project doesn’t necessarily ensure investors will flock to fund your project. Presentation is a vital part of any successful ICO just as it is in any other business plan.

Ready to Write Your Crypto White Paper?

By doing your research and following the key points I have outlined in this article, you will be able to put together a really good white paper. Remember that part of your research involves identifying and understanding your target investors.

Consequently, your language and your content should be shaped by what will be of interest and appeal to them.


By examining the two ICO white paper template examples I have given, you should see just what I mean. Investors who lack a strong understanding of blockchain technology and programming are less likely to read Ethereum’s white paper than that of ICONOMI. Both successful white papers specifically target to read well to the type of investors they want.

Finally, while it might be hard to hear, investors are not likely to want to fund a bad idea regardless of how good your whitepaper might be. So make sure you nail a good project idea that really makes it a great investment.

If you are developing a crypto application and need to scale your team with additional skills and expertise, then take a moment to tell us about your project requirements here.

One of our dedicated tech account managers will be in touch to show you similar projects we have done before and share how we can help you.

Frequently Asked Questions on ICO White Paper Template

What is an ICO white paper?

ICO stands for Initial Coin Offering. An ICO whitepaper is a paper that details the purpose of the ICO launch, the business plan, the purpose of the final product, and profit projections. It is designed to spur the interest of investors to raise money.

What is the proper format for a white paper?

A good white paper should start with a precise and appealing summary of what the launch is for and details about the software product. For more information on the proper format, read this article which covers it in full.

What is a white paper example?

There are thousands of past white paper examples on the internet. Your best bet is to start with past successful examples. Keep in mind that the style and approach of ICO whitepapers are evolving, so you should also source examples from the last few years.


Alexey Semeney

Founder of DevTeam.Space

gsma fi band

Hire Alexey and His Team
To Build a Great Product

Alexey is the founder of DevTeam.Space. He is award nominee among TOP 26 mentors of FI's 'Global Startup Mentor Awards'.

Hire Expert Developers

Some of our projects

Fitness App


Paying users

United States

Android, Android Kotlin, Health, iOS, Mobile, QA, Swift

A mobile fitness app for a famous YouTube blogger. 100K paying users within two weeks.

Telecommunication Management Center


United States

Backend, Communication, DevOps, Java, Software

Designing, implementing, and maintaining continuous integration for an enterprise multi-component telecommunications web application.

Cryptocurrency Exchange


United States

Blockchain, Ethereum, Fintech, Javascript, React, Smart Contracts, Solidity, Trading, Truffle, Web

A cryptocurrency wallet and an exchange platform to trade fiat currencies and crypto tokens.


Read about DevTeam.Space:


New Internet Unicorns Will Be Built Remotely


DevTeam.Space’s goal is to be the most well-organized solution for outsourcing


The Tricks To Hiring and Managing a Virtual Work Force

Business Insider

DevTeam.Space Explains How to Structure Remote Team Management

With love from Florida 🌴

Tell Us About Your Challenge & Get a Free Strategy Session

Hire Expert Developers
Get a complimentary discovery call and a free ballpark estimate for your project

Hundreds of startups and companies like Samsung, Airbus, NEC, and Disney rely on us to build great software products. We can help you too, by enabling you to hire and effortlessly manage expert developers.