In some recent blog posts, we‘ve looked at how artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to improve quality control, explored examples of how machine vision can be used in manufacturing and looked the ways in which artificial intelligence is impacting the automotive industry as a whole. In this blog post, aimed at those interested in artificial intelligence and manufacturing, we turn our attention to how artificial intelligence will save the manufacturing industry billions of dollars.
Specifically, we will cover the following topics
- Collaborative robots and adaptive manufacturing
- Predictive Maintenence
- Augmented Reality and Employee Training
- 3D Printing
- Internet of Things (IoT) and Devices
Collaborative Robots and Adaptive Manufacturing
Robots aren‘t a new idea in the manufacturing industry. Since they were introduced into production lines in manufacturing sites decades ago, suppliers have been able to able to satisfy increasing consumer demand for products by automating specific steps and workflows throughout the manufacturing process. Sometimes this has resulted in the loss of specific jobs but for the most part, these collaborative robots have augmented existing human capabilities and enhanced productivity.
The introduction of artificial intelligence to the manufacturing industry is the next evolution of this and will help manufacturers realized even more costs savings and will continue to enhance human capability and optimize the manufacturing process.
The world is in the middle of the 4th industrial revolution, and with artificial intelligence and automation driving this, it‘s understandable that the human workforce may feel that employment is threatened but just like previous industrial revolutions, those who retrain and upskill will be able to adapt to this new AI-powered industry.
DHL and Locus Robotics
Consider for a minute the partnership that DHL formed with Locus Robotics, an order fulfillment robotics company, back in early 2017. Locus Robotics were able to supply DHL with robots that worked alongside the human counterparts that could help them locate and pick products for shipment.
The technology means that product selection time is reduced as is the chance of humans making mistakes which ultimately translates into greater efficiency and therefore costs savings for the courier.
Deploying a solution like this at scale, globally, can only bring vast savings for business in the e-commerce and order fulfillment sector.
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Possibly, one of the most promising aspects of introducing artificial intelligence into the manufacturing industry will be the concept of adaptive manufacturing. Robots often must be preprogrammed to perform tasks which are normally repetitive and follow a sequence of steps. If the robot needs to perform a new task, it must be reprogrammed which means robot downtime, loss of productivity and so on.
In 2012, technology and robotics firm Rethink Robotics, introduced “Baxter” to the market. Baxter, which is a fully integrated robot solution powered by a software platform that leverages many different technologies such as vision and sensory cameras. All of which let the collaborative robot adapt to real-time events in the manufacturing process. You can read more about Rethink Robotics and their collaborative robot technology here if you‘re interested.
Fusing advancements in in robot technology with artificial intelligence, we can see how AI brings more flexibility to the manufacturing process by letting robots learn routines from human workers thereby removing the need for robot reprogramming and downtime, again driving costs savings for manufacturers.
Normally, industrial equipment is maintained on a fixed schedule basis, regardless of the condition of each component. This can sometimes result in wasted effort and/or undiagnosed component failures. Imagine your car could notify you that a component in the engine or electrical unit was about to become faulty – prior to the actual breakdown or malfunction of the component, and give you sufficient notice before you made your next trip?
Predii, a predictive maintenance AI company based out of Palo Alto are one company that is helping to make this vision a reality.
The firms‘ solution uses a network of sensors to provide streams of binary data that log measurements, such as position, speed, temperature and so on. From a maintenance and repair perspective, being able to log and identify discrepancies in these sort of attributes is key to being able to predict if a component is about to fail.
Complex mathematical models are used to identify “regular” operating conditions, the system then continuously checks components, feeding data back to Predii and surfacing signals that don‘t fall within the “regular” operating threshold.
Taking this a step further, the technology that Predii are creating could potentially be integrated with manufacturers supply chain management procedure to help drive efficiencies in the supply-chain-management process.
Predii could predict, at scale, components were about to fail, the manufacturer could receive a notification via devices connected to the cloud, all of which helps manufacturers better plan component production and therefore ensure that stock levels are optimal. With possibilist like this, one can see how predictive maintenance, powered by artificial intelligence has the potential to save billions of dollars globally for manufacturers.
Finally, according to recent report on the 4th industrial revolution, we‘re currently experiencing by tech resource DZone, the market for predictive maintenance is set to grow from $2.2 billion in 2017 to $10.9 billion by 2020. That‘s a 39% increase in annual growth!
With forecasts like these and increased adoption of predictive maintenance solutions, manufacturers will be able to further drive costs savings by optimizing their asset and component management processes.
Augmented Reality and Employee Training
Manufacturing typically involves the constructing of many components in a specific order as quickly as possible. The process is the same whether it be cars, phones or passenger jets and regardless of the item being produced, new sets of instructions, sometimes in a BOM (Bill of Materials) need to be drafted and shared with the production line teams.
Sometimes, these manufacturing instructions can be out of date of hard to follow for manufacturers but one company is working to change this.
Vital Enterprise is a firm based out of Silicon Valley, California that creates augmented reality software for human workers in manufacturing environments. The firm‘s solution, which runs on smart-glasses, provides manufacturing employees with a voice-controlled, hands-free solution and using the inbuilt screen on the smart glasses, can display all work instructions and technical drawings for each component.
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The technology even lets users view associated drawings and video from the previous person who completed the job.
Employees generally need to be trained in terms of knowing which procedures to follow when components roll off the manufacturing line. This can often be a time-consuming process. Augmented reality has the potential to reduce training time for new starts and save manufacturers valuable dollars.
Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), collaborated with Boch and RE‘FLEKT who provided JLR with an augmented reality solution that gave users “X-ray vision” which allowed trainees to see directly inside cars and identify the exact location of components. Al of this could naturally be done without having to remove or reinstall dashboards and side panels thereby vastly reducing the time taken to train each employee.
Employees simply point an iPad with the application at the dashboard and users can “see” everything that sits behind paneling which includes, but is not limited to, internal wiring, sensors, connection and so on. More importantly, connection and wiring diagrams are displayed in the application which allows training to be performed without having to waste time reassembling components. You can read more about the JLR partnership here if you‘re interested.
The blending of Innovative technologies such as augmented reality and smart glasses can only drive even more efficiencies on the manufacturing and production line as it means that skilled workers no longer need to walk back over to a workstation to verify instructions at a workstation.
3d printing in its regular form contains no artificial intelligence algorithms but in this current AI-powered revolution we‘re living in, complex algorithms can be used to suggest optimized or simplify structures as humans model designs in popular CAD tools. As the human designer iterates their way to a solution, the designer can choose which option best fits the task at hand, taking material and structure into consideration of course.
Ai Build is a firm based in London from the UK, that specializes in artificial intelligence, 3D printing, robotics, and manufacturing. The firm offers a subscription-based service that gives their clients access autonomous large-scale 3d printing technology and have a number of products that make it easy to manage the entire manufacturing lifecycle, and with their product AiSync, this can even be done over the internet!
AiSync allows manufacturers to upload designs for 3d printing (via AiBuild – another product) and then simulate the manufacturing process if they want to. Analytics are presented to users who can then tweak and adjust the process. Being able to do this in a simulated environment has the potential to save manufacturers millions as its all being simulated on a computer using artificial intelligence
The firm has another product called AiMaker that integrates with AiSync, AiMaker which can be connected to existing manufacturing robots and turn them into 3d printers that can print a number of thermoplastic materials.
When AiMaker is integrated with AiSync, manufacturers have the benefits of both worlds in that they can simulate what *could” happen in the manufacturing process with newly uploaded designs as well as having a 3d printer that can take the most optimal design, make printing decisions in real-time detect anomalies and create the actual product, all powered by artificial intelligence.
Being able to simulate manufacturing workflows, reiterate designs without firing up the physical production is a game changer, especially when fused with a robotic 3d printer that can take the analytics from the most optimal simulation and has the potential to increase efficiency, reduce downtime and costs.
Internet of Things (IoT) and Devices
The Internet of Things (IoT) and the rise of smart devices has been growing exponentially in recent years. Industry analysts predict there will be as many as 30 billion connected devices by 2020 at a rate of 3 billion new devices each year!
The McKinsey Global Institute of research believe that the impact of these smart devices will have on the global economy could be as high as $6.2 trillion by 2025. Smart devices like these can be equipped with sensory and semiconductor components that allow the capture of real-time data from physical equipment and locations in manufacturing plants, the data can then be transmitted to data-repositories in the cloud for further analysis by artificial intelligence systems.
From an artificial intelligence perspective, data is the oil that powers the underlying algorithms that help mimic human behavior, and accessing data from an ever-increasing IoT ecosystem, coupled with this data has the potential to give manufacturers rich, actionable insights as to the performance of production lines or robotic equipment.
With the rich datasets that IoT devices provide, manufacturers will be able to integrate real-time data signals from manufacturing sites located around the world and be better placed to make company-wide decisions more quickly. All of which, collectively, will be able to ultimately save manufacturers time and, more importantly, revenue!
In this blog post, we‘ve explored some topics that have the potential to save the manufacturing industry billions of dollars globally.
We‘ve looked at collaborative robots (or co-bots) and adaptive manufacturing and saw how these can augment capabilities and enhance human workers productivity.
We‘ve looked at how predictive maintenance solutions, powered by complex artificial intelligence algorithms will be able to forecast with accuracy, that components or assembly lines may be due to become faulty which could then notify as manufacturing supply chain before a breakdown.
We also explored how advancements in analytics and 3D printing can result in optimized manufacturing processes and finally, we touched on how the explosive growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) can give manufacturers a competitive edge with access to enriched real-time data signals from equipment
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