Do you want to explore learnings from failed software projects’ case studies to prevent your software from facing the same failures?
There are huge sums of money to gain by launching a successful software project. Naturally, all product owners and developers hope to succeed with their software development project, however, as the data on actual success rates show, often, things go wrong.
A PMI report found a 14% failure rate for software development projects. Even disregarding the entirely failed projects, 31% don’t meet their objectives, while 43% of projects see a budget overrun.
When this happens, you need to take decisive action to turn around your project. When DevTeam.Space recently successfully turnaround one such stalled project, the software development project to develop DentaMatch, we noticed that this requires distinct competencies that some might overlook.
As an entrepreneur or an enterprise software development project leader, are you trying to turn around a failing project? If so, then you need to know about these competencies. This guide will show you how to prevent software failures.
How to Prevent a Project Failure as Assessed From the Failed Software Projects’ Case Studies?
Failed software projects’ case studies show that you need to perform the following on time to turn around a project and prevent its failure:
1. Assess what went wrong with the project
You need to assess what went wrong with the software project, and this requires you to take a deep dive. The project might already be in the news in your organization due to scope creep, budget overruns, or the quality management reports showing too many reds.
The common reasons that might cause a project to fail are as follows:
- Inaccurate requirements;
- Insufficient involvement of the project sponsors;
- Frequently changing project objectives;
- Poor development lifecycle planning. i.e wrong estimates resulting in lack of time, etc;
- Risks that no one could foresee;
- Delays caused by dependencies;
- Poor use of any new technology that might help streamline the process, improve functionalities, etc.;
- Under-staffed project teams;
- Poor project manager;
- Delays caused by the project team members.
However, these are manifestations of deeper issues as learned from failed software projects’ case studies.
Your deep dive must focus on what went wrong structurally or systematically, which caused the above-mentioned slippages or overruns. You ought to study several documents, e.g.:
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- The project requirements;
- The architectural decisions;
- The technical solution and the lower-level design documents;
- Test plans, test cases, and test results;
- Review records;
- Risks and issues logs.
You need to have several face-to-face meetings with multiple project stakeholders, e.g., sponsors, developers, testers, etc.
2. Analyze the root causes of the project challenges
Having assessed the extent of damage to your project, you should now analyze the root causes. You need to focus on empirical evidence and data over hypotheses and guesses.
A “Root Cause Analysis” (RCA) exercise involves going deep into the causes of failure, unearthing deeper reasons as you analyze.
The root causes typically belong to any of the following categories:
- The lack of project management competencies;
- Using an unsuitable SDLC model;
- The development team lacks the required capabilities;
- Choosing the wrong IT architecture pattern;
- Ineffective use of cloud services;
- Using unsuitable technology stack, development tools, and testing tools;
- The lack of collaboration impedes the productivity of the team;
- Measuring the wrong metrics.
We, at DevTeam.Space, are well-equipped for analyzing why software projects fail, and you can judge our capabilities in “The 10 biggest challenges when developing an app”.
3. Determine whether you have a capable team
You have just assessed what went wrong with the project. In some circumstances, the existing team might be able to resolve these issues, however, there are exceptions.
You need to meet the existing team and communicate the project’s challenges. Honestly communicate with them about where you hold them responsible for the issues, and why.
You will need to change the existing team if you see any of the following:
- The existing team doesn’t take accountability for the project issues.
- It communicates reasons why it shouldn’t be held accountable, however, the reasons don’t quite add up.
- The team understands their drawbacks, however, they’re at a loss about how to turn things around.
If you had hired a software development company for this project and it performed sub-optimally, then you ought to change the development partner.
Read our guide “How to change your software development company mid-project” for more insights.
4. Check whether you need to replace any developer
You could also have a situation where the larger development team is capable, but, one or more developers aren’t. In such a circumstance, you need to have an honest discussion with the underperforming developers.
You might find that the said developers might have performed below par due to specific reasons, and their performance would improve if you address the underlying reasons. At other times, you could find they aren’t capable of improving their performance.
In such a situation, you would need to replace the ineffective developers. Our guide “Getting rid of bad developers during a project” can help you to find a replacement developer.
5. Ascertain whether the project team has enough developers
At times, projects fail due to wrongly estimating the development manpower. While the team is perfectly capable, it might be understaffed.
In such cases, you should hire competent developers to address the lack of manpower. As I have explained in “How to Find a Good Software Developer”, consider the following when hiring developers:
- You need programmers with strong professional ethics.
- Developers you hire need to have decision-making capabilities.
- You need developers with sufficient knowledge of computer science fundamentals.
- Programmers you hire should have the skills that are hot in the market, e.g., Node.js for web development, Kotlin for native Android development, Swift for native iOS development, Python for AI/ML programming, etc.
- You need to hire developers with good knowledge of SDLC.
- Developers need to know enough about proactively mitigating software glitches and application security risks.
- They should be able to code in a way that aligns with your choice of architecture pattern.
- You need developers that know how to code scalable apps and have familiarity with managed cloud services.
- They need to know the market-leading development tools, moreover, they should have industry knowledge.
- You also need developers that can collaborate on rectifying a software error.
DevTeam.Space’s blog recently featured an article to help you hire such developers. For more on this read “7 essential tips for hiring the best developers for your project”.
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6. Plan to turn around the project
You have assessed by now what went wrong and ascertained the root causes. You have also dealt with underperforming teams/developers and/or bandwidth issues in the team. It’s now time to plan the recovery of the troubled software project.
The recovery plan might include several tracks of actions and the “Root Cause Analysis” (RCA) determines them. We, at DevTeam.Space, have the right expertise for such recovery planning, as I had explained in “What is the best development approach to guarantee the success of your app?”.
You might need to address one or more of the following aspects:
6a. SDLC model
Ensure that you are using the right SDLC model for the kind of project you have. E.g., if you are developing a “System of Engagement” (SoE) like a mobile app, then Agile is better than Waterfall, as I have explained in “Waterfall vs. Agile: which methodology is right for your project”.
You should also use the right approach that works with your chosen SDLC model, e.g., develop your “Minimum Viable Product” (MVP) in the right way in an Agile project. Our guide “5 Tips to Create a Sleek MVP” can help you with this.
6b. IT architecture
Choose an architecture pattern that suits your functional and non-functional requirements and delivers the best user experience without a software glitch. There are several popular architecture patterns, e.g.:
- Layered (n-tier);
You can use our guide “Large Enterprise Java Projects Architecture” to make the right choice.
6c. Mitigating the application security risks
You ought to proactively mitigate the application security risks since this is crucial for the long-term success of your project. The key application security risks are as follows:
- Broken authentication;
- Sensitive data breach and exposure;
- XML external entities (XXE);
- Broken access control;
- Security misconfiguration;
- Cross-site scripting (XSS);
- Insecure deserialization;
- Using components with known vulnerabilities;
- Insufficient logging/monitoring.
Read the “Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 Application Security Risks” report for insights on mitigating these risks.
6d. “Managed Cloud Services” (MCS)
Plan to utilize managed cloud services (MCS) smartly so that you can focus on development instead of infrastructure management.
If you are developing a web app, then you should use a Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) platform since it offers many benefits, e.g.:
- PaaS platforms like AWS Elastic Beanstalk manage the cloud infrastructure, networking, operating system (OS), middleware, and runtime environment. You can concentrate on coding.
- You can easily integrate databases and APIs when using a PaaS platform.
- Reputed PaaS platforms offer robust DevOps tools and auto-scaling solutions.
Read our guide “10 Top PaaS Providers” for more insights.
On the other hand, if you are developing a mobile app, then use a Mobile-Backend-as-a-Service (MBaaS) platform like AWS Amplify. The following advantages make it a smart move:
- MBaaS providers manage the cloud infrastructure and persistent storage, therefore, you don’t need to develop and manage the mobile backend.
- You will be able to scale your mobile app easily, moreover, you will find it easy to implement features like user management and push notifications.
- MBaaS platforms enable you to integrate APIs easily.
I have explained their advantages in “How to choose the best Mobile Backend as a Service (MBaaS)?”.
6e. Designing APIs
You will likely design APIs as part of your project, and you should keep the long-term success of your app in mind while doing so. While you might consider RESTful APIs, I recommend that you use GraphQL instead of REST (Representational State Transfer).
With RESTful APIs, you call an API endpoint to receive all data in it. On the other hand, GraphQL is a query language, therefore, you can specify the exact data elements you need. This has several advantages, e.g.:
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- With REST, if you need more data than what the API endpoint contains, then you need to make more API calls. This is called “under-fetching”. You can avoid this with GraphQL since you can query the exact data elements you need.
- On the other hand, if you need less data than what the RESTful API endpoint can send, then you receive unnecessary data. This is called “over-fetching” and you can avoid it with the query capabilities of GraphQL.
- When using REST, you would design the API endpoint in line with the front-end view. If you change the view, then you would also need to modify the API. This slows down the front-end iterations, however, you can avoid this with the query capabilities of GraphQL.
Read “REST vs. GraphQL” for more insights.
6f. Choosing the right technology stack
Choosing the right technology stack improves your chances of turning around a project troubled by a software bug. The choice of technology stack will depend on the kind of project, e.g.:
- If you are developing mobile apps, then you might want to create native apps since they deliver the best user experience. You should then use Kotlin for native Android development and Swift for native iOS development.
- PostgreSQL is a robust “Relational Database Management System” (RDBMS), whereas MongoDB is a popular option for NoSQL databases.
We, at DevTeam.Space, have the right expertise for choosing the appropriate technology stack, as I have explained in “How to create a minimum viable product for your enterprise company?”.
7. Execute the turnaround plan and track its progress
Now that you have come up with a pragmatic plan to turn the troubled project around, it’s time for execution. Use the appropriate PM techniques and tools to manage the execution.
We, at DevTeam., have AI-powered Agile processes, which are highly suited to turn troubled projects around. Our data-driven real-time dashboard helps clients track the progress of the project, as I have explained in “How a real-time dashboard can revolutionize your eSports development process?”.
How About Preventing Your Project From Failing?
This article focused on helping you turn around troubled projects. However, it is always better to prevent projects from failing in the first place by avoiding software bugs in the development and software testing phases.
The key to this is choosing a trustworthy and competent software development company for your projects. Our guide “How to find the best software development company?” can help you with this.
They are trained in our unique software project management process. Moreover, we match developers for your project according to experience in your required industry so that they perfectly understand your business needs.
Once you have brought us up to speed and allowed us to analyze your software project, we outline a reliable timeframe to undo the unrealistic expectations given to you by your past development team.
Within no time, we have helped you turn things around and have you back on course to completing a successful project.
Frequently Asked Questions on Learnings From Failed Software Projects’ Case Studies
Missed deadlines, broken promises, poor communication, and software errors are all examples of poor developers. If you have just fired your bad developer and need an experienced software development company to turn your project around, then contact DevTeam.Space.
The top software failures, such as of Bangladesh bank system show that poor management and bad developers are two main reasons for software development failures. Other reasons assessed from failed software projects’ case studies include unsuitable infrastructure, poor code quality where hackers take advantage of a software flaw, subpar marketing, and a badly chosen software development methodology.
DevTeam.Space is a company with lots of experience in saving failing projects. By first establishing the cause of the problem (often bad developers), DevTeam.Space will quickly implement the necessary changes to turn the project around in no time.