In this article, we will discuss two approaches to building blockchain real estate projects. These are as follows:
Methods to Build Blockchain Real Estate Projects
Here are the best 2 approaches to ensure a successful blockchain real estate application project.
Approach #1. Use Lisk to develop a blockchain real estate application
You can create a blockchain application on Lisk. It’s a platform to develop blockchain apps.
Think of Lisk as a “Platform-as-a-Service” (PaaS) for developing blockchain apps. PaaS platforms offer the cloud infrastructure, operating system, middleware, runtime environments, databases, etc. You code your app and bring your data. AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a PaaS platform.
You get comprehensive documentation. Lisk offers tutorials. It offers DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), a scalable and energy-efficient consensus algorithm.
Approach #2. Use Ethereum to develop a blockchain real estate application
The 2nd approach is to create an Ethereum-powered real-estate platform. You will use the Ethereum virtual machine for that, besides you will create a token for it. You will also create your real estate smart contracts.
An important note: Trade-offs between the above-mentioned approaches
There are trade-offs in both approaches. Do you plan to use LISK? In that case, you will need to separately integrate your smart contracts with it. Remember that LISK isn’t a smart contract platform.
Do you plan to build your blockchain app on Ethereum? You need to contend with the scalability issues of Ethereum.
You don’t need to integrate your smart contracts separately though. That makes smart contract development simpler.
Build your teams development capabilities
Irrespective of the approach you take, your team needs to build the necessary blockchain development skills. Consider the following learning resources:
- Ethereum development tutorial;
- Blockgeeks Solidity guide, which will help you with the language to write smart contracts;
- The DAPPS FOR BEGINNERS website;
- CryptoZombies interactive course;
- Lisk documentation.
The 5th is for the Lisk approach only. Additionally, you need UI/UX design, testing, and project management expertise in your team.
The 1st approach: How to Develop a Blockchain Real Estate Platform with Lisk
Take the following steps:
1. Buy Lisk
In this approach, you first need to buy the LSK crypto token to operate on the Lisk platform. You need to first set up a Lisk wallet. Subsequently, you can buy Ether and exchange it for LSK.
Be sure to securely store your passphrase, and you should never share it. Check out “How to buy Lisk” for a detailed set of instructions.
2. Develop your blockchain app
Use the following development and testing tools to create your blockchain app:
- Lisk Commander: Start creating your blockchain app using this tool.
- The Lisk CLI tools: Use them for functions like creating accounts.
- Dashboard plugin: You can use it to communicate with your blockchain app.
- SDK testing utilities: Use the Lisk SDK utilities to test your app.
Code, test, and deploy your smart contracts: the common step in both approaches
Whether you are developing using the Lisk platform or an Ethereum DApp, you will need to code, test, and deploy your smart contracts. Your project requirements determine the smart contracts you create. Review the DeedCoin smart contract GitHub repository to get ideas.
Test your contracts onto the Ropsten Ethereum testnet
While there are different testnets for Ethereum, I will use Ropsten in this guide. You don‘t need real Ether to test here.
For commands, I will refer to a project that Merunas Grincalaitis did and explained in “Ultimate Guide to Convert a Web App To a Decentralized App Dapp”. I will refer to it as the “reference article 1”.
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Follow these steps:
- Install MetaMask. It’s a browser extension as well as a crypto wallet. It allows you to connect to the Ethereum blockchain network. Configure MetaMask and set up your secret passphrase. Follow the instructions in the “reference article 1”.
- Change your MetaMask connection from the Ethereum mainnet to Ropsten testnet.
- Code your smart contracts using the Remix IDE. It‘s a web DApp, therefore, you don‘t need to install any tool for this.
- Get dummy Ether using the MetaMask faucet.
- Now, switch to the Remix IDE, and deploy your smart contract using the ’Create‘ option. You need to confirm the transaction in MetaMask.
Follow the “reference article 1” for detailed commands.
Deploy your contracts onto the Ethereum mainnet
Now that you have tested your contracts, it‘s time to deploy them onto the Ethereum mainnet. You can consult my earlier guide on this topic “How to Deploy Smart Contract on Ethereum?”.
You need to do the following:
- Create an Ethereum EOA account, i.e. user account, using the “eth-lightwallet”. Secure your private key.
- Install and configure Ganache, an Ethereum blockchain client.
- Install Web3js, which allows you to communicate with the blockchain. You need to configure it. Refer to “Getting Started as an Ethereum Web Developer” for this. I will refer to this guide for other commands too, hence, let‘s call it the “reference article 2”.
- Install Truffle and configure it. It’s a deployment tool.
- Open Ganache and run an instance. Update your config.js file. Follow the instructions in the “reference article 2” to update the private and public keys into the config.js file.
- Buy real Ether. You need them for smart contract deployment. Plan for the minder fees.
- Use the “truffle deploy” command to deploy your smart contract. Consult the “reference article 2” for detailed commands.
You have now deployed your smart contract onto the Ethereum mainnet. For the Lisk approach only, you need to separately integrate your contracts with your app. Check this YouTube video from the Lisk team for instructions.
Blockchain Real Estate Platform development 2nd approach: Ethereum DApp
The 2nd approach involves creating an Ethereum DApp (decentralized app). You will need to create an ERC 20 crypto token too. ERC 20 is a well-known Ethereum standard. Most crypto wallets can handle ERC 20 tokens.
Read more about it in “What is ERC-20 and what does it mean for Ethereum?”.
Similarities with the 1st approach
You will find many steps from the 1st approach relevant here too, and you can follow the exact same instructions. The common steps are the following:
- Create an Ethereum EOA account using “eth-lightwallet”.
- Install and configure the testrpc client.
- Install and configure “web3js”.
- Install and configure Truffle, which you will use for testing and deployment of your smart contracts.
- Update config.js file with your private and public keys.
- Get dummy Ropsten Ether for deploying your smart contracts onto the Ropsten testnet.
- Buy real Ether to deploy your contracts onto the Ethereum mainnet.
- Code, test, and deploy your smart contracts onto the mainnet. Since you are using the Ethereum network, which is a smart contract platform, you don’t need to integrate your contracts separately as you did for the Lisk approach.
I had earlier described how to build similar DApps in “How to Build Online Marketplace on Blockchain Like OpenBazaar?”, and you can consult that guide.
Differences from the 1st approach
However, since you won‘t use the Lisk platform here, your UI/UX team needs to design and develop the UI entirely on their own. There is another crucial difference between the Lisk-based approach and this.
Lisk offers built-in scalability solutions. You need to find a scalability solution on your own for Ethereum though. We recommend you use the scalability solution offered by Loom Network. You will find it easy to use.
Planning to Invest in Blockchain Real Estate Development?
The benefits of blockchain in the real estate sector are many. You can read more on the future of the real estate market on blockchain networks in our article here.
If you, as a business owner are planning to use blockchain for real estate professionals like real estate agents or for your own real estate business processes, you are making a viable business decision given the increasing market of blockchain technology for commercial real estate companies.
However, to implement blockchain successfully you will need skilled blockchain developers with a deep understanding of the emerging technology.
DevTeam.Space can provide you with such vetted field-expert software developers via its software developers community. Write to us your initial software requirements via this quick form, and one of our account managers will contact you instantly for further assistance.
Frequently Asked Questions on blockchain real estate
Blockchain promises to revolutionize real estate transactions and processes. It will facilitate legally compliant property transfers between property owners and buyers without the need for a third party. This will help to reduce costs and speed up property transfers and general real estate investment. Moreover, it enables fractional ownership of real estate assets.
It is any software platform that is reliant on blockchain technology to operate. An example is any software platform operating on the Ethereum network. They are decentralized and have no central controlling authority.
You will need to onboard blockchain developers who have all the relevant experience and skills to make your project a success. For leading blockchain experts simply send your project specification to DevTeam.Space.